Ghana is an iconic West Africa destination and whilst not a mainstream holiday option, it does have a lot to offer the adventure traveller and with the increased direct flights to Accra with Virgin now, business travel to Ghana is on the up.
Bordered by Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso and Togo, Ghana sits on the Gulf of Guinea to the south, with a long sandy Atlantic coastline where you will find more than 20 UNESCO listed forts and castles associated with the slave trade. The Cape Coast and Elmina Castle have the best museums. Kakum National Park is nearby with a rainforest sanctuary and canopy walkway. Between the port of Takoradi and the border with Ivory Coast are the best beaches in Ghana.
Apart from the capital, Accra visit Kumasi, the second largest city which has great cultural appeal. Attractive landscapes and waterfalls are found all round the Lake Volta region, this lake is the largest artificial lake (reservoir) in the world. In the north, the Mole National Park is home to many species of mammals including elephants, hippos and warthogs.
It can be difficult to travel through Ghana and West Africa independently, so I would recommend joining an organised adventure tour or overland expedition here. As an ex overland tour leader myself I can book you onto the best holiday to combine Ghana with other parts of West Africa to suit your time and budget. If you are travelling to Ghana on business, I can arrange your flights, hotels and some sightseeing while you are there too. There is also this 17 day tour through Ghana, Benin and Togo which is great value for money!
In pre-colonial times Ghana was inhabited by a number of ancient kingdoms, including the Ashanti Empire, Bonoman and Fante. Prior to contact with Europeans the trade between the Akan and various states flourished due to the wealth of gold. After the Portuguese established contact in the 15th century the British established the Gold Coast Crown Colony in 1874 in parts of Ghana. Independence from the UK was achieved by The Gold Coast in 1957, the first sub-saharan nation to do so. Tema port is the biggest of the two seaports in Ghana and is the largest manmade harbour in Africa, home to massive trade centres.
The prime meridian line passes through Tema and sitting just north of the equator, Ghana is closer to the ‘centre’ of the world than any other country! The Volta Basin takes up most of the centre of the country and the climate is tropical year round. The coastal belt is warm and mostly dry and the north is hot and dry. There are flat plains, rolling hills and rivers in Ghana which has five main regions of geography. The south has forested plateau lands including Ashanti uplands and Kwahu Plateau. The wet and dry seasons vary through the country with the north having rain between March and November and the south including Accra, rainy from April to mid November. Southern Ghana is mainly green with plenty of forests and also has many oil palms and mangroves
The markets of the cities and villages of Ghana are well known for their vibrant culture and colour – the fabrics of Ghana are amongst the most bright and colourful in Africa! Music and dance is important to the culture here including many ethnic instruments and diverse backgrounds. Some very well known musicians and singers have come from Ghana and West Africa and it’s well worth listening to their tunes and taking some music home from your travels!
So, if you are interested in the culture, music and natural history of West Africa, take a holiday to Ghana and experience this diverse and friendly land.